Typescript in Australian Archives, ACT, Series CP487/6/1, Item 1
This description of a competition plan for the Australian Federal Capital submitted in 1912 cannot be matched to any of the surviving images of designs in the Australian Archives or the National Library. Spelling indicates that it did not come from the United States, but other than that the identity of the author cannot be determined.
A Boulevard 200 feet wide runs right round within the City with a Continuous Tramway in the centre. This makes access from one part to another very easy and allows of larger areas being enjoyed in Park Lands and Building Lots.
All Roads and Streets are, with a few exceptions, 100 feet wide which allows for tree-planting and ornamental garden plots.
The City has been divided into Commercial Areas, Occupation Areas and Factory Sites.
The Commercial Area is designed in Allots. 60 feet by 165 feet with 12 feet Lanes at the back. Lanes are considered necessary here for handling goods, access to stables, drainage, etc.,
The Occupation Area is designed with Allotments 80 feet by 200 feet without any lanes, 5 feet drainage easements being provided along the back boundaries. This allows of several Allotments being merged into one, when larger areas are required by shift in the drainage easement.
An allotment of this size permits a villa being built well off the boundaries with a 16 feet carriage drive from the street, a lawn in front of the house, a yard with stable or garage at the back and vegetable garden or orchard behind the yard, thus making an ideal residential allotment.
Factory Sites have been chosen across the flat under a hill opposite, being well removed from the City and easily approached.
Parliament Houses Site is the most commanding picturesque and accessible site in the City. It is on a small hill on the S. E. side of a larger hill and sheltered by the latter from the chilly N. W. winds, the larger hill acting as a background to the buildingh when viewed from the City. The site is about 800 feet by 800 feet overlooking the whole of the Commercial area, and is visible from all radiating streets. There is a Public Park of 80 acres at the back of the site. Immediately in front of this site are the sites for Public Offices, Law Courts, Mint, Printing Office, etc.
The Site for the City Hall is also a very fine one fronting the Boulevard and facing Parliament House and is visible from every line of approach.
The Governor-General's Residence Site has been chosen on the point of a hill, which extends into, and is surrounded on 3 sides by the flat and runs right down to the river. This site has a very extensive view both up and down the river and across it over the Race-course. It is easily approached from the Boulevard.
A very fine site has also been chosen for the State House, Art Gallery and Museum on a plateau reserved for the purpose, and overlooking the Boulevard and Botanical Gardens.
The Site for the Prime Minister's Residence being in this vicinity, is also picturesquely placed overlooking the flat and the river.
The Hospital Sites are in an elevated position close to the Boulevard within easy reach of the city and cannot be built in by any future settlement, being surrounded by Public Gardens, University grounds, and a mountain at the back. These sites are placed together for convenience of Medical Staff and the University as well as Patients, Nurses-Home, and Public.
The site for Public Library and Technical College is in the most central position for the public, the same applying to Police Court and National Theatre.
Site for Markets is on the branch railway from the Central Railway Station to the Factory Sites.
Gas Works and Power Station being at the back of the Railway Yard for the easily handling of coal.
As the sites for Schools and Churches depend a great deal on the settlement only a few have been decided on, the remainder to be determined later.
An ideal site has been chosen for the Botanical Gardens with hill flat and lakes and fronting the Boulevard and River.
Likewise the site for the Race Course is an exceptionally fine one, being well sheltered and spectators having the afternoon sun on their backs, it does not interfere with viewing the races.
With regard to damming the river by building a weir across it for the purpose of creating ornamental waters, this matter was carefully considered, and from an engineering point of view it was thought advisable not to recommend anything definite, on the formation available, for the following reasons:-
The fall in the river is so great that a weir would need to be very high in order to create any useful depth of water over the flats and if any portion of the flats only was submerged it is feared that the remainder would become a morass through seepage.
Also in order to recommend the building of a weir it would be necessary to have some personal knowledge of the site, depth to the rock, material of the banks etc. while any scheme recommended would be costly.
The only suggestion one might venture to --- approach would be throwing a weir across the river at the place where the road crosses from the Factory Sites to the City and creating a lake above this, but the --- data about this is also insufficient.
The flats are considered, in this climate -- and with a City Settlement, to be far more valuable for recreation purposes than ornamental waters. It would undoubtedly be of great advantage if water could be --- maintained in the river for at least 2 miles for boating but the great fall in the river does not permit of this.
The flats have however all been reserved in such a manner that the question of creating a large lake may be thoroughly gone into afterwards without interfering with or making it necessary to alter the design.
This above matter also affects the designing of bridges and the heights necessary of the road banks across the flats, as until it is definitely settled what quantity of flood water to provide for and the nature of the foundations, no design can be suggested of these.
Surface Drainage is provided for by one large Steam Water Channel or Sewer. Starting near the Stadium it follows the Boulevard westerly to the Railway Line, -- thence crossing the river twice, in order to avoid the -- Botanical Garden and Governor General's grounds, and ---- emptying into the river below the rapids. It is suggested that this drain be designed to carry surface water from ordinary rainfalls, say a maximum of 1/2 inch per hour, but that provision be made to allow the channel to overflow into the river at higher levels during exceptional downpours.
Care has been taken in designing so that the first settlement may be condensed and permit of expansion without interfering with the original design.
All roads and streets are on easy grades and can be formed and graded at a minimum cost. The steepest grade on the Boulevard after forming will be 1 in 30.
Proposed Occupation Street
Ideal Section showing Drainage Easement
[Block planshowing lots and drainage easement along rear lot lines]
[Photograph of Syracuse University stadium with extended caption and description in set type]
The Stadium recently built at Syracuse University is of reinforced concrete construction throughout.
The general dimensions of the stadium are as follows:--Length on long axis, 670 ft.; on short axis, 475 ft. Area covered 6 1/3 acres. The normal seating capacity of the stadium is 20,000, with a possible seating capacity of 40,000.
At the top of the seats there is a concrete wall 3 ft. 6 in. high. Outside this wall there is a promenade of concrete, 20 ft. wide, covered with asphalte. It is surrounded by a concrete curb 2 ft. wide.
The whole superstructure is supported on concrete piers, the footings for which are carried down to solid soil. Where no fill existed the footings extend 4 ft. 6 in. below the ground. The main girders are 2 ft. deep and 1 ft. wide.
The approach to the main entrance consists of concrete stairs and platforms, and two stairways of reinforced concrete also lead from the ground floor to the offices which are located in the towers, which are about 16 ft. above the field.
On the outer edge of the promenade surrounding the structure are placed
ornamental concrete posts 2 ft. sq. and 9 ft. high. On about every third
post an arc lamp is located with electric conduits encased in the concrete
|Selected, transcribed, edited, provided with headnotes, and formatted as a web document by John W. Reps, Professor Emeritus, Department of City and Regional Planning, West Sibley Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA. Tel: (607) 255-5391, Fax: (607) 255-6681, E-mail: email@example.com|