An Iris by Any Other Name...
"The goddess of the rainbow and messenger of the gods."
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
"...Iris appears to mortals (Priam, Helen) disguised as a human; ...what she offers is basically information and practical advice (Il [i.e., Homer's Illiad] 2.786-807;... 3.125-40)."
"the plant was named after the goddess Iris ('rainbow'), messenger of the gods; she puts to sleep all gods guilty of perjury"
"For wheresoe'er thou art in this world's globe, I'll have an Iris that shall find thee out . . . . . 2 Hen. VI. iii 2 407"
2. A rainbow; a many-coloured refraction of light from drops of water.
3. A hexagonal prismatic crystal.
4. a. Anat. A flat, circular, coloured membrane suspended vertically in the aqueous humour of the eye, and separating the anterior from the posterior chamber; in its centre is a circular opening, called the pupil, which may be enlarged or diminished so as to regulate the amount of light transmitted to the retina.
4. b. Entom. The inner ring of an ocellated spot on an insect's wing; usually lighter than the outer ring, and the central spot or pupil.
5. Bot. A genus of plants, the type of the natural order Iridaceæ, natives of Europe, N. Africa, and the temperate regions of Asia and America; most of the species have tuberous (less commonly bulbous or fibrous) roots, sword-shaped equitant leaves, and showy flowers; formerly often called Fleur-de-lis or Flower-de-luce. Also, a plant of this genus.
6. Astron. Name of the seventh of the asteroids.
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