19th Century Ward Maps of U.S.
A Guide to Olin Library Holdings
Before the development of the current census geography, the Census Bureau
used city voting wards as census divisions. Because these maps identify
in which ward a particular street address was located when a given census
was taken, they provide a key for locating and interpreting the information
gathered in early federal and state censuses.
The Library of Congress has published Ward Maps of United States
Cities : A Selective Checklist of Pre-1900 Maps in the Library of Congress.
(OLIN MAPS + Z6028 .U575 W2 ) The selection includes the 25 most
populous cities found in the 1880 decennial federal census, plus 10 other
cities which are frequent subjects for population or genealogical research.
The checklist describes 232 maps dating from 1790 through 1899. All of
these maps have been reproduced on OLIN MICROFICHE 1546. Maps are
available on fiche for the following cities:
||Kansas City, MO
||New Haven, CT
||St. Loius, MO
||New Orleans, LA
||St. Paul, MN
||New York, NY
||San Francisco, CA
|Jersey City, NJ
Cities in New York State:
Photographic copies of all of the maps for New York State cities are also
available in the Map Collection. Consult the catalog under the subject
heading [City name]--Administrative and political divisions--Maps.
Manhattan from 1900:
City wards were not used as the geographic base for the 1900 census in
Manhattan. To identify Enumeration District (ED) numbers in Manhattan
for the 1900, 1920, 1930 or 1940 census, consult OLIN MAPS G 3804
.N4 : 2M3 E25 [year]. These maps are photocopies of originals held
in the Cartographic and Architectural Branch, National Archives and Records
Other United States cities:
Cartographic Records of the Census Bureau (OLIN MAPS CD 3026
A32 no. 103) lists enumeration district maps for the censuses of 1880
through 1940. If no maps are shown as being available, it means that even
the National Archives lacks these cartographic records.
Last updated on October 9, 2000