FLNFront de libération nationale
The ruling party of Algeria through the battle of independece (1954- 62), and ever since. FLN was the only legal party from 1962 to 1989.
Central in FLN's claim to sole power, was the notion that FLN with the ALN (Armée de libération nationale) won the liberation war against the French, and that the war had cost Algeria 1 million lives. FLN did not win any military war, the liberation came through diplomatic efforts. And the real number of casualties can hardly exceed 400,000. But it was FLN that started the military actions against the French. on November 1, 1954. At this time other parties were preparing for non-violent actions to free Algeria from France, but within the following year, FLN had gathered all groups in a joint battle against France.